General Karamat, upon graduating from the Pakistan Military Academy, joined the Armored Corps of the Pakistan Army. Having served in combat in the 1965 and 1971 India-Pakistan wars, he later commanded an armored brigade and served in Saudi Arabia as the Commander of the Independent Armored Brigade Group, from 1985 to 1988. He was then promoted to Major General and General Karamat served as Director of General Military Operations at Army Headquarters. On promotion to Lieutenant General in 1992, he commanded a corps and became Chief of General Staff. In 1995, General Karamat was again promoted, this time to the rank of General and was appointed Chief of Army Staff. In 1997, General Karamat became Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee before retiring from service in October of 1998. In the course of his military career, General Karamat led official delegations to China, the United States, the United Kingdom, France, Ukraine, Jordan, Iran, Turkey, and Saudi Arabia. He was also a member of the Pakistani delegation to the India-Pakistan talks, which took place in New Delhi and Islamabad from 1990 to 1991. General Karamat is a graduate of Quaid-e-Azam University in Islamabad, as well as a graduate of the Pakistan Army Command and Staff College, the National Defense College, and the US Army Command and General Staff College. Among his international awards can be counted the US Legion of Merit and the Abdul Aziz Medal from Saudi Arabia. An author, in addition to his other pursuits, General Karamat has written on defense management, leadership, and the 1971 India-Pakistan War. After retiring, General Karamat served as a visiting fellow at the Center for International Security and Cooperation in 1999 at Stanford University in the United States and at the Brookings Institution in Washington, DC in 2000. He has been a guest speaker at the Pakistan Army Command and Staff College, the National Defense College of the Pakistan Armed Forces, the Pakistan Administration Services Staff College, and the National Institute of Public Administration.